In ghusl do we have to sniff water into the nose or will pouring

Fatwa ID: 02576

Answered by: Maulana Jamal Ahmed

Question

Assalaam Alaikum Mufti Sahab,

1. In ghusl do we have to sniff water into the nose or will pouring suffice?

2. I have read that “Istinshaaq” means taking water into the nose and breathing it into its backmost part.  I have also read that according to Imam Abu Hanifa (RA) Istinshaaq is obligatory in ghusl and Isthintaar is desirable. (Durre Mandhuud p.167 & p.279 v.1)

JazakAllah

Answer

Istinshaq literally means to inhale water or something into the nostrils, and in the Islamic terminology, it means to cause the water to reach the soft bone of the nostrils. Thus, it is not necessary to inhale or sniff the water as long as the water reaches the soft bone.

In ghusl, it is necessary to do istinshaq and it is Sunnah to do Istinsar i.e. to blow the water out of the nose.

It is not necessary to ensure the water reaches the back of the nose i.e. the hard bone rather, it is Sunnah.

والاستنشاق لُغَةً مِنْ النَّشَقِ: وَهُوَ جَذْبُ الْمَاءِ وَنَحْوِهِ بِرِيحِ الْأَنْفِ إلَى دَاخِلِهِ وَاصْطِلَاحًا: إيصَالُ الْمَاءِ إلَى مَارِنِ الْأَنْفِ كَذَا فِي الْخُلَاصَةِ وَالْمَارِنُ مَا لَانَ مِنْ الْأَنْفِ وَالْمُبَالَغَةُ سُنَّةٌ فِيهِمَا أَيْضًا كَذَا فِي الْوَافِي لِحَدِيثِ أَصْحَابِ السُّنَنِ الْأَرْبَعَةِ «بَالِغْ فِي الْمَضْمَضَةِ وَالِاسْتِنْشَاقِ إلَّا أَنْ تَكُونَ صَائِمًا» ، وَهِيَ فِي الْمَضْمَضَةِ بِالْغَرْغَرَةِ وَفِي الِاسْتِنْشَاقِ بِالِاسْتِنْثَارِ كَذَا فِي الْكَافِي وَالِاسْتِنْثَارُ دَفْعُ الْمَاءِ وَنَحْوِهِ لِلْخُرُوجِ مِنْ الْأَنْفِ وَقَدْ وَافَقَهُ فِي فَتْحِ الْقَدِيرِ عَلَى الْأَوَّلِ وَقَالَ فِي الثَّانِي: كَمَا فِي الْخُلَاصَةِ إلَى مَا اشْتَدَّ مِنْ الْأَنْفِ.

إلى أن قال……. وَالْأَوْلَى مَا فِي فَتْحِ الْقَدِيرِ ذَكَرَهُ بَعْضُهُمْ.

bahrurraiq, vol.1, pg. 22, darulkitab al islami

وَقَدْ تَقَدَّمَ مَعْنَى الْمَضْمَضَةِ وَالِاسْتِنْشَاقِ وَأَنَّ الْمُبَالَغَةَ فِيهِمَا سُنَّةٌ فِي الْوُضُوءِ، وَكَذَلِكَ فِي الْغُسْلِ لِقَوْلِهِ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – «بَالِغْ فِي الِاسْتِنْشَاقِ إلَّا أَنْ تَكُونَ صَائِمًا» 

bahrurraiq, vol.1 pg. 50 darulkitab al islami

(قَوْلُهُ: وَالْمُبَالَغَةُ فِيهِمَا) هِيَ السُّنَّةُ الْخَامِسَةُ. وَفِي شَرْحِ الشَّيْخِ إسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ شَرْحِ الْمُنْيَةِ: وَالظَّاهِرُ أَنَّهَا مُسْتَحَبَّةٌ.

(قَوْلُهُ: بِالْغَرْغَرَةِ) أَيْ فِي الْمَضْمَضَةِ، وَمُجَاوَزَةِ الْمَارِنِ فِي الِاسْتِنْشَاقِ، وَقِيلَ: الْمُبَالَغَةُ فِي الْمَضْمَضَةِ تَكْثِيرُ الْمَاءِ حَتَّى يَمْلَأَ الْفَمَ. قَالَ فِي شَرْحِ الْمُنْيَةِ وَالْأَوَّلُ أَشْهَرُ

raddulmuhtar vol.1, pg. 116Darulfikr beirut

Only Allah knows best.

Written by Maulana Jamal Ahmed

Checked and Approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

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