What is the Islamic rule of the matrimonial house after a divorce?

Fatwa ID: 02679

Answered by: Moulana Muddasser Dhedhy​

Question:

Assalamualaikum

When a divorce is in processed according to the English law, what is the sharia ruling of the matrimonial Home?

If the house was bought by the wife and the mortgage is also in her name and she also provided for herself and children.

The husband paid the utility bills and mortgage.

Is the house Islamically hers or will she need to give that up?

 

 

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

 

Answer:

 

Firstly, a civil divorce does not constitute a Shar’i talaaq.[1]

 

If the house was bought by the wife, she will only be entitled to it after a Shar’i divorce has taken place.

 

As for the utility bills paid for by the husband, as he is required to give her nafaqah (expenses compulsory upon the husband to support his wife), these bills will be considered to be part of the nafaqah.[2]

 

As for the mortgage payments he has made, these payments will be considered to be a hibah (gift) from him to his wife and therefore, he will not be able to claim them back from his wife.[3]

 

 

Only Allah knows best

 

Written by Moulana Muddasser Dhedhy

 

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

 

Darul Ifta Birmingham

 

 

 


[1] جديد فقهي مسائل ج 1 ص 300-301. زمزم ببلشرز

بحوث في قضايا فقهية معاصرة ج 2 ص 173-175. وزارة الأوقاف و الشؤون الإسلامية

[2](الْفَصْلُ الْأَوَّلُ فِي نَفَقَةِ الزَّوْجَةِ) تَجِبُ عَلَى الرَّجُلِ نَفَقَةُ امْرَأَتِهِ الْمُسْلِمَةِ وَالذِّمِّيَّةِ وَالْفَقِيرَةِ وَالْغَنِيَّةِ دَخَلَ بِهَا أَوْ لَمْ يَدْخُلْ كَبِيرَةً كَانَتْ الْمَرْأَةُ أَوْ صَغِيرَةً يُجَامَعُ مِثْلُهَا كَذَا فِي فَتَاوَى قَاضِي خَانْ سَوَاءٌ كَانَتْ حُرَّةً أَوْ مُكَاتَبَةً كَذَا فِي الْجَوْهَرَةِ النَّيِّرَةِ (الفتاوى الهندية ج 1 ص 568. دار الكتب العلمية)

[3]ولو كان النكاح صحيحا من حيث الظاهر ففرض القاضي لها النفقة وأخذت ذلك شهرا ثم ظهر فساد النكاح بأن شهد الشهود أنها أخته من الرضاعة ، وفرق القاضي بينهما رجع الزوج على المرأة بما أخذت، وأما إذا أنفق عليها الزوج مسامحة من غير فرض القاضي لها النفقة لم يرجع عليها بشيء كذا ذكر الصدر الشهيد رحمه الله تعالى في شرح أدب القاضي كذا في الذخيرة (الفتاوى الهندية: ج 1 ص 570. دار الكتب العلمية)

وَإِذَا وَهَبَ أَحَدُ الزَّوْجَيْنِ لِصَاحِبِهِ لَا يَرْجِعُ فِي الْهِبَةِ، وَإِنْ انْقَطَعَ النِّكَاحُ بَيْنَهُمَا (الفتاوى الهندية: ج 4 ص 432. دار الكتب العلمية)

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