If a Woman Is Pregnant and Got Divorced and Has Had an Abortion a Few Days Later

CategoriesDivorce [572]

Fatwa ID: 05428

 

Answered by: Maulana Yūsuf Badāt

 

Question:

 

If a woman is pregnant and got divorced in this condition, and has had an abortion within few days after the ṭalāq (she was in her 11thweek of pregnancy). Now, what happens with her Iddah? still, carry on 3 months?

 

 

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

Answer:

 

The ruling in the described situation is that if four months of the pregnancy have passed, thereafter abortion was done, then the iddah has ended. If however, the pregnancy was less than four months, then the duration of three complete menses will be required in order for the iddah to be complete. Mere abortion in such a situation will not conclude the iddah. (See: Rad-Al-Muḥtār, Page 190, Volume 5, Dār Al-Ālam Al-Kutub) [1]

 

“And for those who are pregnant, their term is until they give birth.” – (Qur’an 65:4) [2]

 

“Divorced women remain in waiting for three menstrual periods.” – (Qur’an 2:228) [3]

 

 

 

Only Allāh knows best.

Written by Maulana Yūsuf Badāt

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

 

 

 

[1]قَوْلُهُ وَضْعُ حَمْلِهَا أَيْ بِلَا تَقْدِيرٍ بِمُدَّةٍ سَوَاءٌ وَلَدَتْ بَعْدَ الطَّلَاقِ، أَوْ الْمَوْتِ بِيَوْمٍ، أَوْ أَقَلَّ جَوْهَرَةٌ، وَالْمُرَادُ بِهِ الْحَمْلُ الَّذِي اسْتَبَانَ بَعْضُ خَلْقِهِ، أَوْ كُلُّهُ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَبِنْ بَعْضُهُ لَمْ تَنْقَضِ الْعِدَّةُ لِأَنَّ الْحَمْلَ اسْمٌ لِنُطْفَةٍ مُتَغَيِّرَةٍ، فَإِذَا كَانَ مُضْغَةً، أَوْ عَلَقَةً لَمْ تَتَغَيَّرْ، فَلَا يُعْرَفُ كَوْنُهَا مُتَغَيِّرَةً بِيَقِينٍ إلَّا بِاسْتِبَانَةِ بَعْضِ الْخَلْقِ بَحْرٌ عَنْ الْمُحِيطِ. وَفِيهِ عَنْهُ أَيْضًا أَنَّهُ لَا يَسْتَبِينُ إلَّا فِي مِائَةٍ وَعِشْرِينَ يَوْمًا. وَفِيهِ عَنْ الْمُجْتَبَى أَنَّ الْمُسْتَبِينَ بَعْضُ خَلْقِهِ يُعْتَبَرُ فِيهِ أَرْبَعَةُ أَشْهُرٍ، وَتَامَّ الْخَلْقِ سِتَّةُ أَشْهُرٍ، وَقَدَّمْنَا فِي الْحَيْضِ اسْتِشْكَالَ صَاحِبِ الْبَحْرِ لِهَذَا بِأَنَّ الْمُشَاهَدَ ظُهُورُ الْخَلْقِ قَبْلَ أَرْبَعَةِ أَشْهُرٍ، فَالظَّاهِرُ أَنَّ الْمُرَادَ نَفْخُ الرُّوحِ – رد المحتار ٥/١٩٠

 

[2]أَوَأُولَاتُ الْأَحْمَالِ أَجَلُهُنَّ أَن يَضَعْنَ حَمْلَهُنَّ – الطلاق ٤

 

[3]وَالْمُطَلَّقَاتُ يَتَرَبَّصْنَ بِأَنفُسِهِنَّ ثَلَاثَةَ قُرُوءٍ – البقرة ٢٢٨

 

About the author