If One Was To Take an Oath on the Quran, Will He Be Committing Shirk?

CategoriesQur'an [135]

Fatwa ID: 05419

 

Answered by: Maulana Syed Johir Miah

 

Question

 

If one was to take an oath on the Quran/Mushaf, will he be committing Shirk?

 

 

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

Answer:

 

Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Umar ( رضى الله عنهما ) narrates that the Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) of Allah (عز و جل) said:

ألاَ، إنَّ اللَّهَ يَنْهاكُمْ أنْ تَحْلِفُوا بِآبائِكُمْ، فَمَن كانَ حالِفًا فَلْيَحْلِفْ بِاللَّهِ، وإلّا فَلْيَصْمُتْ

“Verily! Allah forbids you to swear by your fathers. If one has to take an oath, he should swear by Allah or otherwise keep quiet”.[1]

 

Also, Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Umar ( رضى الله عنهما ) narrates that the Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم)of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) said:

مَن كانَ حالِفًا فَلا يَحْلِفْ إلّا بِاللهِ

“He who takes an oath, must not take an oath but by Allah”.[2]

 

It is no secret that swearing by the Quran is now customary, so it is an oath.[3]

 

A person should not swear by other than Allah (عز و جل), like the Prophet, the Quran and the Kaaba.

 

Kamal(رحمه الله) said:

ولا يَخْفى أنَّ الحَلِفَ بِالقُرْآنِ الآنَ مُتَعارَفٌ فَيَكُونُ يَمِينًاوأمّا الحَلِفُ بِكَلامِ اللَّهِفَيَدُورُ مَعَ العُرْفِ

It is no secret that swearing by the Quran is now common, so they become familiar. And as for swearing by the word of Allah,it revolves with the custom. [4]

 

 

Al-Aynee(رحمه الله)said: وعِنْدِي أنَّ المُصْحَفَ يَمِينٌ لا سِيَّما فِي زَمانِنا

I believe that the Mushaf is an oath, especially in our time. [5]

 

 

Only Allah knows best.

Written by Maulana Syed Johir Miah

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

 

 

 

 

[1] Sahih Bukhari, Hadith number 6108, 27/8, Dar Tuqin Najah, First edition 2001. 1422 H.

[2] Sahih Muslim, Hadith 1646, 1267/3, Dar Ihyat Turath, Beirut, Lebanon. 1412 H.

[3] وكذا إذا حلف بالقرآن لأنه غير متعارف

Al-Binayah, Aynee, 122/6, Darul Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah, Biirut, Lebanon, 1420 H.

[4] قال الكمال: ولا يخفى أن الحلف بالقرآن الآن متعارف فيكون يمينًا، وأما الحلف بكلام الله تعالى فيدور مع العرف

Al-Lubab Fee Sharhil Kitab, 6/4, Almaktabatul ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon.

[5] (لا) يُقْسَمُ (بِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ تَعالى كالنَّبِيِّ والقُرْآنِ والكَعْبَةِ) قالَ الكَمال: ولا يَخْفى أنَّ الحَلِفَ بِالقُرْآنِ الآنَ مُتَعارَفٌ فَيَكُونُ يَمِينًا. وأمّا الحَلِفُ بِكَلامِ اللَّهِ

فَيَدُورُ مَعَ العُرْفِ. وقالَ العَيْنِيُّ: وعِنْدِي أنَّ المُصْحَفَ يَمِينٌ لا سِيَّما فِي زَمانِنا.

Durrul Mukhtar, 281/1, Darul Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah, 1423 H.

 

 

 

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