Oath to Divorce after a Marriage

CategoriesDivorce [608]

Fatwa ID: 05616

 

Answered by: Maulana Muhammad Asadullah Anwar Adam

 

Question:

 

If someone said that if I smoked tell 30 days then if someone marries me she will be  3 times talaq on me( as I do not specify someone and give talaq before nikah and said anyone who marry me so she will be talaq on me 3 times if I smoked …now if I smoked within this 30 days so that I break the condition..now I want to marry so what will be the solution for it, sir?

 

 

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

Answer:

 

When someone attaches divorce to marriage by saying “If I marry then they will be divorced”, then the divorce will occur immediately after marriage, this is because it becomes an oath by the person who says it [1]

 

Aisha (RA) narrated that Abu Bakr(RA) had never broken his oaths till Allah revealed the expiation for the oaths. Then he said, “If I take an oath to do something and later on I find something else better than the first one, then I do what is better and make expiation for my oath.”[2]

 

When an oath is broken there are a number of methods to expedite the sin of breaking an oath.

  • Emancipation of a slave. This is not possible in today’s era.
  • Feeding 10 destitute people. This needs to be done with a minimum of 2 meals a day consisting of at least average market food value. A person may feed 1 person for 10 days or 10 different individuals. The monetary value of such foodstuff can also be given to the needy.
  • Providing essential clothing for 10 individuals. The clothing must be of average value and enough to cover the entire ‘awra’ (majority of the body) without the expectation of it being returned to you.
  • If one cannot fulfil any of the requirements in the above-mentioned methods then the last option is to fast for 3 consecutive days.[3]

 

In your case, you should break your oath to divorce when you get married and fulfil one of the above to expedite the sin of breaking your oath.

 

 

Only Allah knows best

Written by Maulana Muhammad Asadullah Anwar Adam

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

 

 

 

[1] Hidayah, page 195, volume 3, Maktabul Bushra print

{واذاأضافالطلاقالىالنكحوقععقيبالنكح…أنهذاتصرفيمينلوجودالشرطوالجزاء}

 

[2] Sahih al Bukhari hadith 6621

{أَنَّأَبَابَكْرٍـرضىاللهعنهـلَمْيَكُنْيَحْنَثُفِييَمِينٍقَطُّ،حَتَّىأَنْزَلَاللَّهُكَفَّارَةَالْيَمِينِوَقَالَلاَأَحْلِفُعَلَىيَمِينٍفَرَأَيْتُغَيْرَهَاخَيْرًامِنْهَا،إِلاَّأَتَيْتُالَّذِيهُوَخَيْرٌ،وَكَفَّرْتُعَنْيَمِينِي‏.‏}

 

[3] Raddul Mukhtar , volume 5 , page 503

{وكفارتهنحريررقبةأواطعامعشوةمساكينأوكسوتهمبمايسترعامةالبدن… صامثلاثةأيامولاء }

 

 

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