Questions on Taharah

CategoriesTaharah [418]

Fatwa ID: 06030

 

Answered by: Maulana Nazrul Islam

 

Question:

 

Kindly provide me with the answers to these questions according to the Hanafi School of Thought

 

• Does water that is used to wash the impure body part become najis (Impure)?

 

• Does the water that is used to wash the impurity from the floor, carpet or leather sofa becomes impure?

 

• After defecating the hand I use to clean myself does it become napak? If yes then if I touch my clothes with this hand will they also become napak?

 

• Is the place that is used to hang impure clothes before they are washed becomes napak even though the place itself is dry. If I touch that place will the impurity be transferred to my hands?

 

• If there is a very small hole in my pants or shalwar having a diameter of less than 2-3 cm in the region that is supposed to cover my awrah then will my prayer be valid if I wore those clothes in my Salah?

 

I think a lot about purity and impurity for example I will look for spots on the toilet seat and on the bathroom floor and if I find a very small spot of a diameter of 1-2 cm having brownish colour or any other colour I will think whether it is impurity or not. Furthermore, I will also keep on thinking about whether I touched it or not.

 

 

 

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

Answer:

 

 

According to Imam Abu Hanifah and Imam Abu Yusuf, the water which was used (Najasat Hukmi, nonphysical impurity) becomes impure. According to Imam Muhammad, it is pure but cannot be used to purify (be reused). (1)

 

Water that is used to wash physical impurities becomes impure. (2)

 

The place of hanging clothes, if the clothes have impurity but had dried and the impurity was not physically collected, then the place is pure.

 

After defecting the hands will be pure if there is no physical impurity on them as the hand is also washed. If there is any impurity remaining, then the hand will be impure and is needed to be washed.

 

If a quarter of a limb within the Awrah (the private area which must be concealed during prayer) is exposed with intent or without concern, the Salāh will be invalidated instantly, even if it be for a moment. (3)

 

 

 

Only Allah knows best

Written by Maulana Nazrul Islam

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

 

 

 

 

 

(١) ثُمَّ مَشَايِخُ بَلْخٍ حَقَّقُوا الْخِلَافَ فَقَالُوا: الْمَاءُ الْمُسْتَعْمَلُ نَجِسٌ عِنْدَ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ وَأَبِي يُوسُفَ.

وَعِنْدَ مُحَمَّدٍ طَاهِرٌ غَيْرُ طَهُورٍ

بدائع الصنائع ج١ ص٦٧، دار الكتب العلمية

(٢)أَمَّا غُسَالَةُ النَّجَاسَةِ الْحَقِيقِيَّةِ وَهِيَ مَا إذَا غُسِلَتْ النَّجَاسَةُ الْحَقِيقِيَّةُ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَالْمِيَاهُ الثَّلَاثُ نَجِسَةٌ؛ لِأَنَّ النَّجَاسَةَ انْتَقَلَتْ إلَيْهَا إذْ لَا يَخْلُو كُلُّ مَاءٍ عَنْ نَجَاسَةٍ فَأَوْجَبَ تَنْجِيسَهَا وَحُكْمُ الْمِيَاهِ الثَّلَاثِ فِي حَقِّ الْمَنْعِ مِنْ جَوَازِ التَّوَضُّؤِ بِهَا، وَالْمَنْعُ مِنْ جَوَازِ الصَّلَاةِ بِالثَّوْبِ الَّذِي أَصَابَتْهُ سَوَاءٌ لَا يَخْتَلِفُ وَأَمَّا فِي حَقِّ تَطْهِيرِ الْمَحَلِّ الَّذِي أَصَابَتْهُ فَيَخْتَلِفُ حُكْمُهَا، حَتَّى قَالَ مَشَايِخُنَا: إنَّ الْمَاءَ الْأَوَّلَ إذَا أَصَابَ ثَوْبًا لَا يَطْهُرُ إلَّا بِالْعَصْرِ، وَالْغَسْلِ مَرَّتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ، وَالْمَاءُ الثَّانِي يَطْهُرُ بِالْغَسْلِ مَرَّةً بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ، وَالْمَاءُ الثَّالِثُ يَطْهُرُ بِالْعَصْرِ لَا غَيْرُ

بدائع الصنائع ج١ ص٦٦، دار الكتب العلمية

(3)وَيُمْنَعُ) حَتَّى انْعِقَادَهَا (كَشْفُ رُبْعِ عُضْوٍ) قَدْرَ أَدَاءِ رُكْنٍ بِلَا صُنْعِهِ (مِنْ) عَوْرَةٍ غَلِيظَةٍ أَوْ خَفِيفَةٍ

عَلَى الْمُعْتَمَدِ (وَالْغَلِيظَةُ قُبُلٌ وَدُبُرٌ وَمَا حَوْلَهُمَا، وَالْخَفِيفَةُ مَا عَدَا ذَلِكَ) مِنْ الرَّجُلِ وَالْمَرْأَةِ، وَتُجْمَعُ بِالْأَجْزَاءِ لَوْ فِي عُضْوٍ وَاحِدٍ، وَإِلَّا فَبِالْقَدْرِ؛ فَإِنْ بَلَغَ رُبْعَ أَدْنَاهَا كَأُذُنٍ مُنِعَ (وَالشَّرْطُ سَتْرُهَا عَنْ غَيْرِهِ) وَلَوْ حُكْمًا كَمَكَانٍ مُظْلِمٍ

رد المحتار ج١ ص٤٠٩ ، دار الفك

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