Fatwa ID: 01384
Answered by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
a. Does non-deliberate vomiting which is less than a mouthful break the fast if not swallowed?
If someone vomited less than a mouthful, irrespective of whether it was deliberate or not, or if someone vomited unintentionally a mouthful or less than a mouthful, the fast will not break. (Raddul Muhtar p.392 v.3)
b. Does non-deliberate vomiting which is less than a mouthful break the fast if swallowed?
If the vomit went inside, without you swallowing it, the fast will remain intact. However, if you were to deliberately swallow it the fast will break. (Fatawa Hindiyyah p.204 v.1)
c. Does non-deliberate vomiting, which is less than a mouthful, break the fast if swallowed ONLY to the extent which was unavoidable? Like, only a particle came up to the throat and I was in the masjid, I tried to hold it there, went to the wudhu area and spit as many times as I could, but I just have doubt if some might have gone. The particle or little bit of vomit liquid had not even reached my mouth, and was just stuck in the throat.
As you did not deliberately swallowed the vomit your fast will remain intact.
d. Does vomiting less than a mouthful makes the mouth impure? In the situation described above, I just spit a few times and then did kulli a few times. Is it okay to ignore doubts that splashes from the kulli (though I did it slowly the first time to avoid splashes) are impure?
There is a principle which is that that thing which does not break the wudhu is not impure. (Hidayah p.24 v.1)
Keeping the aforementioned principle in mind, we can derive that vomiting less than a mouthful does not break one’s wudhu, hence, the mouth would not become impure.
Only Allah knows best
Written by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham