Doing Qurbani on behalf of Non-Practising Siblings

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Fatwa ID: 01387

Answered by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

 

Question

Can one do Qurbani on behalf of non-practising siblings?

 

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

 

 

Answer:

If the Qurbani is a wajib obligation on behalf of your brothers and sisters, then there are two situations:

  1. If they have a practice of giving the Qurbani every year, then as long as there is an indirect permission, known in Arabic as dalalatan, then it will be permissible to do their Qurbani.
  2. If they do not have a practice of giving Qurbani, then without their direct consent or permission, it will not be permissible to do Qurbani on their behalf. (Imdadul Fatawa p.610 v.3)

To do a nafl or optional Qurbani on behalf of a person, alive or a deceased, does not require permission from anyone.  (Kifayatul Mufti p.204 v.8)

The rules governing the giving of optional Qurbani of behalf of a person, alive or deceased, is like Isale Thawab.  Isale Thawab is permissible regardless of whatever deed it may be, whether it is Salah, Fast, Hajj, Tawaf, Umrah, giving charity or feeding the poor etc…

 

Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) in the Holy Quran has said:

“O’ Allah! Forgive us and forgive our Muslim brothers and sisters who have passed away.” (Surah Hashr v.10)

 

Once a man came to the Prophet of Allah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) and said; “My mother has suddenly died and did not leave any will, but I suspect if she did that then she would have told me to give something to charity. Now if I offer something in charity on her behalf, will she get the reward? The Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam replied: “yes”, then the man said that “I make you (the Prophet) as my witness that I offer my garden full of fruits to charity.” (Sahih Bukhari p.386 v.1)

The scholars have said that not only the reward can be conveyed to the deceased but it can also be conveyed for the entire Muslim ummah, male and female and the doer’s reward is not decreased at all. (Raddul Muhtar p.10 v.4)

Keeping the aforementioned point in mind, it is permissible to do Qurbani on behalf of a person, alive or deceased, and the permission from the individual or from the deceased’s family is not required. (Kifayatul Mufti p.206 v.8)

 

Only Allah Knows Best

Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

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