What Is the Concept of Having a “Dars” Before Marriage?

CategoriesMarriage [643]

Fatwa ID: 05968

 

Answered by: Alimah Habiba Akhtar

 

Question:

 

What is the concept of having a “dars” before marriage? Amongst our desis, this has become sort of a custom according to my understanding.

 

 

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

Answer:

 

The conditions for nikah are the following:

 

  • There needs to be an offer and an acceptance
  • The speech has to be in the past tense or one in the past tense and the other in the future tense
  • Two witnesses (two sane, mature Muslim men or a man and two women) must be present. (1)

 

Thus, the above is the criteria to be married and be tied in a contract according to the Hanafi madhab.

 

A Nikah ceremony will solemnise a marriage and two people will become halal for one another.

 

However, in order to educate everyone along with the bride and groom, knowledge can be imparted to teach the importance of kind treatment.

 

This will be amongst the reward of imparting knowledge to others. (2) So, there would be no harm with the Dars as long as it isn’t made a condition.

 

 

Only Allah knows best

Written by Alimah Habiba Akhtar

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

 

 

 

 

 

1)

وركنه الإيجاب والقبول. وينعقد بلفظين ماضيين، أو بلفظين أحدهما ماض والآخر مستقبل. كقوله: زوجني، فيقول: زوجتك. وينعقد بلفظ النكاح والتزويج والهبة والصدقة والتمليك والبيع والشراء (ف). ولا ينعقد نكاح المسلمين إلا بحضور رجلين، أو رجل وامرأتين

Ikhriyar li taleel lil mukhtar, Vol 2, Page 96, Darul Quba

 

 

 

(2)

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ وَهْبِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ، حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مَرْزُوقُ بْنُ أَبِي الْهُذَيْلِ، حَدَّثَنِي الزُّهْرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الأَغَرُّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ إِنَّ مِمَّا يَلْحَقُ الْمُؤْمِنَ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ وَحَسَنَاتِهِ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِ عِلْمًا عَلَّمَهُ وَنَشَرَهُ وَوَلَدًا صَالِحًا تَرَكَهُ وَمُصْحَفًا وَرَّثَهُ أَوْ مَسْجِدًا بَنَاهُ أَوْ بَيْتًا لاِبْنِ السَّبِيلِ بَنَاهُ أَوْ نَهْرًا أَجْرَاهُ أَوْ صَدَقَةً أَخْرَجَهَا مِنْ مَالِهِ فِي صِحَّتِهِ وَحَيَاتِهِ يَلْحَقُهُ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَوْتِهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

Sunan Ibn Majah 242

 

 

 

 

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