Adaabs of visiting the grave
In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
When visiting the graveyard, the intention should be of remembering one’s death and passing on the reward (thawab) to the deceased know as Iysal Thawab. Before proceeding to the graveyard, it is Mustuhub to perform two rakaats nafl salah at home. Along the way to the graveyard engage in the remembrance of Allah (SWA). At the graveside stand facing the face of the deceased with your back towards the Qiblah and recite the relevant duas.
It is preferable to recite Surah Yasin, Surah Mulk and the Surahs from Takathur to the end of the Holy Quran. (Kitabul Janaiz p.39 & Fatawa Hindiyyah p.350 v.5)
Only Allah Knows Best
Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham