Are we allowed to pay Fitra by giving money or it’s a must to give food?
In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
In the Hanafi Fiqh it is better and preferable to give the Sadqah Fitr in money than food items as the giving of money will satisfy the needs of the poor straight away. However, if the Muslim country has been caught up in a natural disaster or the inhabitants are dying to a famine, then it will be preferable to give the Sadqah Fitr in food items. (Fatawa Hindiyyah p.194 v.1)
Only Allah Knows Best
Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham