Does Takbeer Tahreema Need to Be Said Vocally When Starting Fard, Sunnah, Nafl, etc Salah

Fatwa ID: 04607

Answered by: Maulana Muhammad Afzal Hussain

 

Question:

 

Assalamu alaikum,

I have several questions concerning the Salah, with accordance to Hanafi Fiqh:

1) Does Takbeer Tahreema need to be said vocally when starting Fard, Sunnah, Nafl, etc Salah?

2) Does recitation and tasbeeh during any of the Salaat have to be vocal or can they be read within the mind whether it is Fard, Sunnah, Nafl, etc?

3) Does one have to recite anything during Fard Salah, whether it be a loud or quiet Salah (e.g. Zuhar, Magrib, etc)? Or do the Fatiha & Qirat of the Imam suffice for the Muqtadi?

4) Also does the Thanaa of the Imam suffice for the Muqtadi?

5) When joining Salah late, does one have to recite Thanaa? If so, can he recite while the Imam is reciting or when the Imam is saying the Takbeer to go to ruku or sujood?

 

 

 

 

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

 

Answer:

 

1) Takbeer Tahreema is an obligation (Fard) and the other Takbeer in the prayers are Sunnah (Tradition of the prophet). Therefore not saying the other Takbeer would not invalidate the Prayers.[See: Aap Ke Masail Aur Un Ka Hal, vol: 1, page: 183, publisher: Bangladesh Islamic Center Dhaka]

So, Takbeer Tahrima needs to be said vocally.

 

2) Prayers would not be valid if one was to recite Qirat in his mind. Every word needs to be read vocally.

[See: Aap Ke Masail Aur Un Ka Hal, vol: 1, page: 194, publisher: Bangladesh Islamic Center Dhaka]

As for Tasbeeh in the prayers, they are sunnah (a tradition from the prophet).

[See al-Fiqhul Muyassar by Shofiqur Rahman Nadvi, page: 85.  Anward-Dirayah Fe Sarhil Wiqayah, chapter: Salah.  Al-Hidayah, vol: 1, Chapter: Salah]

Thus, not saying them vocally would not revoke the prayer.

 

3) Reciting Qirat behind the Imam is a disputed matter. According to Imam Abu Hanifah (r.a), recitation of Qirat is Imam's responsibility and not the people behind him.

[See: Aap Ke Masail Aur Un Ka Hal, vol: 1, page: 194, publisher: Bangladesh Islamic Center Dhaka]

Therefore, the recitation of Fatiha and Qirat by the Imam suffice for the Muqtadi.

 

4) Reading Thana is a Sunnah.

[See: al-Fiqhul Muyassar by Shofiqur Rahman Nadvi, page: 85.  Anward-Dirayah fe Sarhil Wiqayah, chapter: Salah.  Al-Hidayah, vol: 1, Chapter: Salah]

Thus, the Imam's Thana will suffice for the Muqtadi.

 

 

5) If he joins in a Rakah in which reciting loud is required then he should not read Thana and if the Rakah requires silent recitation then he should read Thana.

[See: Alomghiri, vol; 1, page: 121, publisher: Bangladesh Taj Company Dhaka]

While Imam is pronouncing the Takbeer for Ruku or Sajdah, one should not read Thana. Rather he should say Takbeer and change the position.

 

 

Only Allah Knows Best

Answered by Maulana Muhammad Afzal Hussain

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

 

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