Doubts in issuing a divorce
In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
There is a principle in Islamic jurisprudence which is:
“Certainty is not lifted by a doubt.” (Al Ashbah Wan Nadhair p.60)
Therefore if one was doubtful and uncertain of issuing a divorce then such a doubt will not invalidate one’s marriage, as the certainty of marriage will not be lifted by the doubt of issuing a divorce.
With regards to your question if you have a doubt whether divorce has been occurred or not, then the divorce will not occur. Similarly, by saying “ I d…” would not execute a divorce.
Only Allah Knows Best
Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham