Hadith of Sahabiyah and her Father’s Funeral

Fatwa ID: 04415

Answered by: Maulana Imran Mughal

 

Question-

 

Assalamu Alaikum. I wish to confirm the narration of a female companion who chose not to go to see her sick father or attend his funeral. This was because her husband left strict instructions not to leave the home as he went out to fight in the path of Allah (SWT)?

Is this narration authentic and what is the source?

Jazak'Allah.

 

 

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

 

Answer:

 

Shaykh Hassan Haydar Al-Wa’ily writes:

As for the narration of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him), it has been narrated from Thabit Al-Bunani. The hadith is in the Musnad of Abd bin Humayd.[1]

Abd bin Humayd narrates from Yahya bin Abd Al-Hamid, who narrates from Yusuf bin ‘Atiyyah from Thabit Al-Bunani from Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) that there was a woman who married to a man and her father became ill. She went to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said, “O Prophet of Allah! My father is ill, and my husband prevents me from going to visit him.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Obey your husband.”

When her father passed away, she sought permission from her husband to pray (salat al-janazah) on her father but her husband again refused. Thereafter, she asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) and he said, “Obey your husband.” So, she obeyed her husband and the Prophet (peace be upon him) said to her, “Certainly, Allah has forgiven your father due to your obedience towards your husband.”[2]

The issue with this sanad is Yusuf bin ‘Atiyyah, who the scholars have labelled as weak. Some have gone even further and labelled him as munkar al-hadith.[3]

This sanad has also been narrated with a different chain of narrators.

Imam Tabrani narrates from ‘Ismah bin Al-Mutawakkil from Zafir from Sulayman from Thabit Al-Bunani from Anas (may Allah be pleased with him).

The issue with this sanad is ‘Ismah bin Al-Mutawakkil, whom many scholars have labelled as weak.[4]

The Hadith is weak due to the two narrators aforementioned.

 

 

 

Only Allah knows best

Written by Maulana Imran Mughal

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

 

 


[1]Shaykh Hassan Al-Wa’ily, Nuzhat Al-Albaab (Dammam: Dar Ibn Al-Jawzi, 1426 Hijri), 4:1863.

[2] Abd bin Humayd, Musnad Abd bin Humayd(Riyadh, 2002), Hadith 1367.

[3] Ibn Adiyy, Al-Kamil FioDuafa Al-Rijal(Beirut: Dar Al-Kutub Al’Ilmiyyah, 1997), 8:480.

[4] Abu Dawud Al-Sijistani, Su’alaat Abi ‘Ubayd Al-Ajurri Aba Dawud (Madinah, 1983), 1:328.

 

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