Fatwa ID: 01464
Answered by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
1. Here is a scenario that at Maghrib ones wudu breaks by an involuntary release of air. By the time its is Isha salaat you make fresh wudu and stand behind the imam. As you reach the final sitting (tashahud) wind is released and our local imam does take 9-10 minutes for Isha salaat. Does being ma'zoor count in this case as it may of took 10-13 minutes to get both wudu and salaat done and air released right at the very end of the final 12th or 13th minute?
2. If you pray lifetime qada from start of fajr counting out the impermissible timings to the impermissible prayer time prior to zuhr and air was released during this time whilst offering the qada salaat and it happens once. Then if air is released once at zuhr are you then obliged to follow the rule of being classified as ma'zoor?
In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I will firstly explain the ruling of a Mazoor and how a person qualifies to become a Mazoor.
A person who due to some illness, etc… continuously remains in the state of impurity, being unable to remain in the state of purity long enough to perform Salaah is called a Ma’zoor.
One will become a Ma’zoor only if the state of impurity lasts for one complete duration of a Salah time. If throughout this time, blood, urine or any other impurities flowed or dripped continuously, not enabling one to make wudhu and perform the Fardh Salah with purity, then one will be known as a Ma’zoor. The time will be reckoned from the Salah time immediately following the Salah time in which the illness etc… happened.
During this time if the illness stopped long enough to enable one to make the faraaidh of wudhu (face, arms etc…) and just the Fardh Salah, then one will not be considered a Ma’zoor.
After qualifying as a Ma’zoor, one will remain a Ma’zoor as long as the bleeding, discharge etc… does not stop for one full Salah time.
Upon becoming a Ma’zoor, it is not necessary for the bleeding to be continuous in the succeeding Salah times; it will suffice if the bleeding was for just a moment for one to be continued to be considered a Ma’zoor.
A Ma’zoor shall make Wudhu for every Fardh Salah. The wudhu of a Ma’zoor remains valid for the duration of the Salah time and all the factors which break wudhu besides the factor responsible for making one Ma’zoor, will nullify the wudhu of a Ma’zoor. (Ahsanul Fatawa p.77 v.2 & Fatawa Darul Uloom Deoband p.298 v.1)
Regarding your first situation, if you became a Mazoor prior to the Isha Salah then your Isha Salah with the Imam will be correct even though wind is being released.
Regarding the second situation, again if you were Mazoor prior to the Zuhr Salah then your Zuhr Salah will be correct even though air is being released. However, if you were not a Mazoor before, then as you need to pass a complete Salah time in the state of impurity, not enabling one to make wudhu and perform the Fardh Salah with purity, then one will be known as a Mazoor. (Hidayah p.68 v.1)
Only Allah Knows Best
Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham.