Tafsir of Surah Falaq and Surah Naas

CategoriesQur'an [156]

Tafsir of Surah Falaq and Surah Naas Chapter 113 & 114

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.


Surah Falaq and Surah Naas both were revealed during the same occasion and in relation to the same event. In the Musnad of Imam Ahmad it is narrated that a person in the name of Labid Bin Asam cast a magical spell on the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam as a result of which the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam fell ill.  (Maariful Quran p.918 v.8)

These two Surahs are known as the Muawadhathain and is very beneficial to protect oneself from an ailment or the evil eye.

It is mentioned in a hadith that whenever the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam was suffering from an ailment, he would recite the Muawadhathain over himself and blow (over himself). Then if his pain became severe, his beloved wife Saaidah Aaisha Radiallahu Anha would recite the Muawadhathain over him and take his hand and wipe it over himself seeking the blessings of these two Surahs. (Sahih Bukhari & Sunan Abu Dawud)

The evil eye is where an individual targets a person to be hurt by the evil eye.  Victims of the evil eye might become ill and or deficient in some way.

Imam Ibn Qayim (RA) has written in his book Zaadul Maad, “It is the arrows that are taken out from the soul of the envious individual and then fired upon the one who is being envied.  The individual maybe affected by this sometimes and manages to escape at other times.  If affected by this, there will be no protection from its evil effect.  Sometimes these arrows return to the envier and the evil eye makes him suffer the same negative physical actions to the body and soul as he had originally intended.”

The Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam said ‘The one who knows in great detail his brothers affairs can harm him’.   (Muwata Imam Malik p.719)


You should protect yourself by offering the five daily prayers and performing good deeds. Also make a habit of reciting Surah Falaq and Surah Naas. Imam Malik (RA) narrates from Saaidah Aisha Radiallahu Anha that ‘’whenever the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam suffered from an ailment, he would recite the Muwadhatain (Surah Falaq and Surah Naas), blow over his hands and then wipe his whole body with those hands.  When this pain became severe on his deathbed, I would recite the Muwadhatain, blow over his hands, and then he wipes them over himself because my hands could not be a fitting substitute for his blessed hands.’’

One can use supplicated oil by massaging the body twice everyday where pain is experienced.  Supplicated water can also be drunk to protect oneself from the evil eye.

The general signs of a person suffering from black magic are that his or her behaviour might become strange. This strangeness in behaviour could be in terms of speaking or acting in a bizarre manner, or arguing with ones spouse on trivial and petty issues.  Like the sorcerers of Babylon who learnt magic to separate a husband from his wife as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an. (Surah Baqarah v.102)

Sometimes it is a possibility that you might have black magic or it could also be a sign that you are suffering from some sort of psychological illness.

Only Allah Knows Best

Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham.

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