Maximum period of breast feeding

In Bahishti Zewar it states: “The maximum period of breast-feeding is two years. It is haram to feed a child beyond two years.”

Is this correct ? Why is it haraam to feed a child more than 2 years, what if the child still want to be breast fed?

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.

Answer

Allah (SWA) in the Holy Quran has said

“And mothers suckle their children full two years; it is for one who wants to complete the (period of) suckling.”   (Surah Baqarah v.233)

From the above verse we can deduce that the total time given for suckling is for two lunar years after which suckling should not be done.  However, on the basis of some verses of the Holy Quran and reports from the ahadith, Imam Abu Hanifah (RA) ruled that if it was carried on over a period of 30 months all the legal effects of suckling should be applicable.  But breast-feeding a child after completing 30 months is unanimously haraam.  (Maariful Quran p.603 v.1)

The cause that establishes fostering (radhaah) is the hardening of bones and growth of flesh and this takes place within 24 to 30 months whether the milk is drunk either by suckling on the breast or from a bottle.  (Al-Mughni p.537-p.538 v.7 & Hidayah p.351 v.2)

Therefore, if a child older than 30 months drinks the milk; no fostering relationship will be established.  (Raddul Muhtar p.421 v.4)

Only Allah Knows Best

Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

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