Fatwa ID: 01406
Answered by: Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
What is the difference between Fardh and Wajib in the Hanafi Fiqh?
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Something is considered Fardh in the Hanafi Fiqh when both the text and the meaning are definitive (qati) and Wajib is when either the text or meaning is speculative (Zanni, thus being liable for interpretation of meaning or investigation of authenticity).
(Imdadul Fattah p.256)
Based on this distinction, if someone denies a Fardh command it will take him or her out of the fold of Islam, whereas if someone denies a Wajib, it would not take someone out of the fold of Islam.
Only Allah knows best
Written by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham