Fatwa ID: 01406
Answered by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
The difference between Fardh and Wajib in the Hanafi Fiqh
In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
Something is considered Fardh in the Hanafi Fiqh when both the text and the meaning are definitive (qati) and Wajib is when either the text or meaning is speculative (Zanni, thus being liable for interpretation of meaning or investigation of authenticity) (Imdadul Fattah p.256)
Based on this distinction, if someone denies a Fardh command it will take him or her out of the food of Islam, where as if someone denies a Wajib, it would not take someone out of the fold of Islam.
Only Allah Knows Best
Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham