Fatwa ID: 02996
Answered by: Maulana Muddasser Dhedhy
Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah
I had a question regarding working out zakah for money borrowed out if I borrowed out £20000 and receive it in 5 years how do I work out the zakah? I have read two opinions and am confused.
One opinion is the following,
"In the first year zakat is payable on the full £20,000, in the second year it is payable on £20,000 less the 2.5% zakat (£19,500) and in the third year it is payable on £19,500 less the 2.5% zakat (£19,012.50)."
The second opinion,
One pays zakah for £20000 for each year for five years without deducting the 2.5% from each year?
Jazak Allah Khair
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Zakat on money borrowed out becomes wajib on the creditor once the money has been paid back by the debtor. If the creditor wishes to pay the Zakat of the money they have borrowed out before the debtor has paid them back, that is also permissible and Zakat will not have to be paid again once the debtor has paid the creditor back.
As for the method of paying Zakat on a debt that has spanned several years, 2.5% is paid on the original amount (i.e. £20000) for the first year then for the second year 2.5% of £19500 (i.e. £20000 – £500) will be given in Zakat and likewise for the following years.
Only Allah Ta'ala knows best
Written by Maulana Muddasser Dhedhy
Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham
(وَ) اعْلَمْ أَنَّ الدُّيُونَ عِنْدَ الْإِمَامِ ثَلَاثَةٌ: قَوِيٌّ، وَمُتَوَسِّطٌ، وَضَعِيفٌ؛ (فَتَجِبُ) زَكَاتُهَا إذَا تَمَّ نِصَابًا وَحَالَ الْحَوْلُ، لَكِنْ لَا فَوْرًا بَلْ (عِنْدَ قَبْضِ أَرْبَعِينَ دِرْهَمًا مِنْ الدَّيْنِ) الْقَوِيِّ كَقَرْضٍ (وَبَدَلِ مَالِ تِجَارَةٍ) فَكُلَّمَا قَبَضَ أَرْبَعِينَ دِرْهَمًا يَلْزَمُهُ دِرْهَمٌ (رد المحتار ج 2 ص 460. دار الكتب العلمية)
أحسن الفتاوى ج 4 ص 271-273. ايج ايم سعيد كمبني
زكاة كى مسائل كا انسائيكلوبيديا ص 343-344. بيت العمار كراجي
كتاب النوازل ج 6 ص 484-489. المركز العلمي للنشر و التحقيق لال باغ مراد آباد