Is It True That There Is No Evidence From the Qur’ān or Sunnah That the Qur’ān Abrogated the Former Scriptures?

CategoriesQur'an [154]

Fatwa ID: 05969

 

Answered by: Maulana Yūsuf Badāt

 

Question:

 

A brother in Islam suggested that there is no evidence from the Qur’ān or sunnah that the Qur’ān abrogated the former scriptures. He said the Qur’ān only has inter-abrogation. Is this true, or is there evidence that suggests otherwise?

 

 

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

Answer:

 

All previously revealed books are abrogated by Islam and the Qur’ān. See below references. – (See: Al-Ḥāwī Al-Kabīr, Vol 9, Page 220, Dār Al-Kutub Al-Ilmīyyah)1

 

“We have revealed to you, [O Muḥammad], the Book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the scripture and as a criterion over it.” – (Qur’ān 5:48)2

 

“Whoever chooses other than Islam as a religion, never will it be accepted from them, and they, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers.” – (Qur’ān 3:85)3

 

Abū Hurayra (may Allāh be pleased with him) that the Prophet of Allāh (peace and blessings be upon him) stated, “By Him in Whose hand is the life of Muḥammad, he who amongst the community of Jews or Christians hears about me, but does not affirm their belief in that with which I have been sent, and dies in this state [of disbelief], they shall be among the occupants of Hell-Fire.” – (Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 153)4

 

‘Omar (may Allāh be pleased with him) came to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) saying, “We hear from Jews, traditions which charm us, so do you think we should write down some of them?” He replied, “Are you in a state of confusion as the Jews and Christians were? I have brought Allāh’s teachings to you pure and unadulterated. Even if Moses were alive there would be no option for him but to follow me [and the Qur’ān].” – (Bayhaqī 174)5

 

 

Only Allāh knows best

Written by Maulana Yūsuf Badāt

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

 

 

 

 

 

1 أَهْلُ الْكِتَابِ فَهُمُ الْيَهُودُ وَالنَّصَارَى فَكِتَابُ الْيَهُودِ التَّوْرَاةُ وَنَبِيُّهُمْ مُوسَى وَكِتَابُ النَّصَارَى الْإِنْجِيلُ وَنَبِيُّهُمْ عِيسَى وَكِلَا الْكِتَابَيْنِ كَلَامُ اللَّهِ وَمُنَزَّلٌ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى وَأَنْزَلَ التَّوْرَاةَ وَالإِنْجِيلَ مِنْ قَبْلُ هُدَىً للنَّاسِ قد نُسِخَ الْكِتَابَانِ وَالشَّرِيعَتَانِ أَمَّا الْإِنْجِيلُ فَمَنْسُوخٌ بِالْقُرْآنِ وَالنَّصْرَانِيَّةُ مَنْسُوخَةٌ بِشَرِيعَةِ الْإِسْلَامِ – كتاب الحاوي الكبير ج ٩/ ص ٢٢٠ دار الكتب العلمية

 

2 وَأَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقاً لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَمُهَيْمِناً عَلَيْهِ – سورة المائدة ٤٨

 

3 وَمَنْ يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الإِسْلامِ دِينًا فَلَنْ يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ – آل عمران ٨٥

 

4 عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ وَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ لاَ يَسْمَعُ بِي أَحَدٌ مِنْ هَذِهِ الأُمَّةِ يَهُودِيٌّ وَلاَ نَصْرَانِيٌّ ثُمَّ يَمُوتُ وَلَمْ يُؤْمِنْ بِالَّذِي أُرْسِلْتُ بِهِ إِلاَّ كَانَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّارِ – رواه مسلم ١٥٣

 

5 عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّ عُمَرَ أَتَاهُ فَقَالَ إِنَّا نَسْمَعُ أَحَادِيثَ مِنَ الْيَهُودِ تُعْجِبُنَا أَفَتَرَى أَنْ نَكْتُبَ بَعْضَهَا؟ فَقَالَ أَمُتَهَوِّكُونَ أَنْتُمْ كَمَا تَهَوَّكَتِ الْيَهُودُ والنَّصَارَى؟ لَقَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ بِهَا بَيْضَاءَ نَقِيَّةً وَلَوْ كَانَ مُوسَى حَيًّا مَا وَسِعَهُ إِلَّا اتِّبَاعِي – شعب الإيمان البيهقي ١٧٤

 

 

 

 

 

 

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