If the Son Misused the Sadaqah Money by Spending It on Arcades Instead of Giving It to the Mosque

CategoriesZakah [195]

Fatwa ID: 05221

 

Answered by: Mufti Jamal Ahmed

 

Question

 

Hazrat, I re-call over 20 years ago, I would spend charity money, that my Mom had trusted me to give to the mosque, but instead, I would spend It on Arcades.

 

This was a long time ago, and I can’t recall how much I spent. I did it in a group with two other people. My question is: is it fardh/wajib for me to come up with a figure from the heart, and to donate it to any mosque from my own funds?

 

 

In the name of Allah the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

 

Answer

 

If you were not mature at the time when your mother gave you the money for charity then you are not responsible for returning the money to the mosque. However, if you were mature then you are responsible for the amount you spent on the arcades by compensating that amount to the mosque. 

 

If you do not know the exact amount then you should form a dominant opinion and give that amount. 

 

وَفِي الْبَحْرِ: وَمَا يَرْجِعُ إلَى الْوَكِيلِ فَالْعَقْلُ فَلَا يَصِحُّ تَوْكِيلُ مَجْنُونٍ وَصَبِيٍّ لَا يَعْقِلُ لَا الْبُلُوغُ وَالْحُرِّيَّةُ وَعَدَمُ الرِّدَّةِ                                                           

(Raddul Muhtar vol.5 p.511 Darul Fikr Beirut. 1992)

 

وَإِذَا وَكَّلَ صَبِيًّا مَحْجُورًا بِأَنْ يَبِيعَ لَهُ، أَوْ وَكَّلَهُ بِأَنْ يَشْتَرِيَ لَهُ شَيْئًا فَبَاعَ شَيْئًا أَوْ اشْتَرَى جَازَ إذَا كَانَ يَعْقِلُ ذَلِكَ وَلَا عُهْدَةَ عَلَى الصَّبِيِّ، وَإِنَّمَا الْعُهْدَةُ عَلَى الْآمِرِ كَذَا فِي الذَّخِيرَةِ 

(Fatawa Hindiyyah vol, 3, p.568 Darul Fikr)

 

وَفِي فَتَاوَى آهُو رَجُلٌ دَفَعَ إلَى رَجُلٍ عَشَرَةً، وَقَالَ تَصَدَّقْ بِهَا عَلَى فُلَانٍ الْفَقِيرِ فَتَصَدَّقَ بِعَشَرَةٍ مِنْ عِنْدِ نَفْسِهِ وَأَمْسَكَ تِلْكَ الْعَشَرَةَ، قَالَ الْقَاضِي بَدِيعُ الدِّينِ: يَضْمَنُ بِالِاتِّفَاقِ. رَجُلٌ دَفَعَ إلَى رَجُلٍ عَشَرَةَ دَرَاهِمَ أَوْ مِائَةَ مَنٍّ مِنْ حِنْطَةٍ، وَقَالَ ادْفَعْ إلَى فُلَانٍ الْفَقِيرِ فَدَفَعَ إلَى غَيْرِهِ فِي الْحَاوِي أَنَّهُ يَضْمَنُ، وَقَالَ ظَهِيرُ الدِّينِ – رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى -: لَا يَضْمَنُ؛ لِأَنَّ الْمَقْصُودَ ابْتِغَاءَ مَرْضَاتِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى وَقَدْ وُجِدَ فِي حَقِّ فَقِيرٍ، كَذَا فِي التَّتَارْخَانِيَّة  

(Fatawa Hindiyyah vol 4 p.408 Darul Fikr) 

 

 

Only Allah knows best.

Written by Mufti Jamal Ahmed

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

 

 

 

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