Fatwa ID: 04798
Answered by: Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
Is receiving incentives for reducing Carbon emission permissible
In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
Incentives for carbon trading have come about due to global warming. Global warming is the increase in the average measured temperature of the Earths’ atmosphere since the mid-twentieth century.
The detailed causes of this warming remain an active field of research but one of the reasons has been said to be humans releasing more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. For example, there are more cars on the road and per household than ever before and this number is increasing. Islamically, this falls under the term of Israaf. The Quran expresses the sense of spending wastefully through two words: (1) Tabdhir, translated as squandering recklessly. (2) Israaf (extravagance). The prohibition of tabdhir is clear from the following verse where Allah (SWA) says: “And do not squander recklessly. Surely squanderers are brothers to Shaitans and the Shaitan is very ungrateful to his Lord”. (Surah Bani Israeel v.26-v.27)
And the prohibition of Israaf is deduced from Surah Al-Araf v.33 (and do not be extravagant). Some commentators say that both words are synonymous. Any spending in sin or disobedience or a wrong occasion or place is called tabdhir and israaf. There are others who define it by saying that tabdhir is spending in sin or on some totally unsuitable occasion or place, while israaf is spending beyond the level of need on an occasion where it is permissible to spend. (Maariful Quran p.489 v.5)
Imam As-shabi (RA) narrates that Muawiya RA wrote to Al Mughira bin Shuba RA: Write to me something, which you have heard from the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam. So Mughira RA wrote: I heard the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam said, “Allah has hated for you vain talks, wasting of wealth and asking too many questions.” (Sahih Bukhari p.958 v.2)
With regards to your question, it is permissible to take gifts and money which is being given to those people who are trying to cut carbon emission. One will be helping the environment and Insha Allah one will be rewarded by Allah (SWA) for this act.
Only Allah Knows Best
Written by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham.