Fatwa ID: 05463
Answered by: Maulana Syed Johir Miah
Is tubal ligation permissible for women?
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Tubal ligation is also known as having your tubes tied or tubal sterilization is a type of permanent birth control. During a tubal ligation, the fallopian tubes are cut, tied, or blocked to permanently prevent pregnancy.
Tubal ligation prevents an egg from traveling from the ovaries through the fallopian tubes and blocks sperm from traveling up the fallopian tubes to the egg. The procedure doesn’t affect the menstrual cycle.
Tubal ligation has been usually considered an irreversible method and therefore, would be haram, just as any type of male and female permanent irreversible methods.
Reversible tubal ligation is permissible only due to extreme needs  such as; medical needs and is advised by a practicing and a pious Muslim doctor.
Islam encourages having children. Sayyiduna Maqil Bin Yasar ( رضى الله عنه ) narrated that Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)said:
تَزَوَّجُوا الوَدُودَ الوَلُودَ فَإنِّي مُكاثِرٌ بِكُمُ الأُمَمَ
“Marry women who are loving and very prolific, for I shall outnumber the peoples by you”.
Only Allah knows best
Written by Maulana Syed Johir Miah
Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham
الضرورات تبيح المَحْظُورات Necessities permits prohibitions
Al-Qawaidul Fiqhiyyah, Abdullah Bin Juday, Page 43.
Al-Manthoor Fil Qawaidil Fiqhiyyah, Imam Zarakshi, 89/1, Wizaratul Awqaf, Kuwait, 1405H.
Al-Ashbaah Wan-Nazair, Ibn Nujaim, 73/1, Darul Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon, 1419 H.
 Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith 2050, 220/2, Al-Maktabatul Asriyyah, Beirut, Lebanon.