Fatwa ID: 05374
Answered by: Maulana Mohammed Kamran Abid
Salaams, If my daughter has gold that was given to her as a gift from someone, do we need to pay zakat on it? Would it be under me or my wife?
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Zakah is necessary for a free (not a slave), mature (baligh), sane Muslim, when they own surplus amount of Nisaab quantum and a lunar year, passes over that wealth. If your daughter fits the above definition, then she is responsible for her Zakah. However, if she has not reached the age of puberty, then Zakah is not necessary on her even if she possesses Nisaab amount of quantum.
Only Allah knows best
Written by Maulana Mohammed Kamran Abid
Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham
 Mukhtasar al-Quduri, pg. 157, Maktaba al-Bushra
 (قَوْلُهُ عَقْلٌ وَبُلُوغٌ) فَلَا تَجِبُ عَلَى مَجْنُونٍ وَصَبِيٍّ لِأَنَّهَا عِبَادَةٌ مَحْضَةٌ وَلَيْسَا مُخَاطَبَيْنِ بِهَا، وَإِيجَابُ النَّفَقَاتِ وَالْغَرَامَاتِ لِكَوْنِهَا مِنْ حُقُوقِ الْعِبَادِ وَالْعُشْرِ، وَصَدَقَةِ الْفِطْرِ لِأَنَّ فِيهِمَا مَعْنَى الْمُؤْنَةِ.
(رد المحتار على الدر المختار, vol. 2, pg. 258, دار الفكر-بيروت)