1.Is it sunnah to recite the last part of S?rat al-Hashr after the Maghrib prayer, i.e. from the last three verses till the end of the s?rah? (The Turkish people always do this aloud in their mas?jid, however the question here is about doing it individually and silently.)
2) Is it true that if one is steadfast upon this deed (i.e. the recitation of this part of the s?rah after maghrib prayer) that one has the guarantee from Allah, that one will die as a martyr (shah?d)?
3) Are there any sunnah adhk?r or actions where Allah guarantees that if one is steadfast on them, that one will die as a martyr (shah?d)?
In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I have not come across any hadith, which says that the last part of Surah Hashr should be read after the Maghrib salah. However, there is a hadith which encourages us to read the last part of Surah Hashr in the morning and the evening. Saaiduna Maqil Ibn Yasar Radiallahu Anhu narrates that the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam said, “Whoever when he wakes in the morning says ‘I seek refuge with Allah against the accursed satan’ and then recited three verses from the last part of Surah Hashr, will be assigned seventy thousand angels to pray for him until the evening, and should he die that day, he would have died a martyr. If a person recites the same solemn words in the evening, he will attain the same status. (Musnad Ahmad, Sunan Darimi & Sunan Tirmizi)
It will be preferable to read the aforementioned verses individually and also quietly to refrain from disturbing others who still may be in their prayers.
There are some weak hadiths, which say that if a person recites Surah Yasin continuously he will die as a shaheed. Also the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam has said, “Whoever sincerely begs from Allah to grant him the status of Shahadah (martyrdom), Allah will raise him from among the martyrs even though he passes away on his bed (home)”. (Sahih Muslim)
Only Allah Knows Best
Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham.