Fatwa ID: 03124
Answered by: Alimah Sumeyye Sofu
In Islam, why is the Quran in prayers like Fajr, Maghrib and Esha read loudly whilst in Dhuhr and Asr Qur'an is read silently?
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
In the beginning, all the prayers were read loudly. This would infuriate the non-believers who then, in turn, would torture the Muslims. Allah tala then revealed the ayah: “Don’t recite too loudly in your prayer.” (Sura Israa 110.)
The Muslims began reading silently at Dhuhr and Asr. Because the non-believers were ready to torture at that time, so their being silent would not disturb them. Magrib salah was read loudly as the non-believers were preoccupied with eating and drinking during that time. Also during isha and fajr, the non-Muslim would sleep, so those two prayers were also possible for Muslims to read loudly at these times.
The reasons are not here anymore, but the rulings are still the same. (Hashiya Of Quduri 104 Maktabatul Bushra – Fathul Mueen)
Only Allah knows best
Written by Alimah Sumeyye Sofu
Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham