Fatwa ID: 04906
Answered by: Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
Why does Allah (SWA) refer to himself as We in the Holy Quran?
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
It is the belief of all Muslims worldwide that there is only One God. Furthermore, there are many places in the Quran that clearly indicate to that doctrine.
Regarding your question, why Allah (SWA) refers to himself as “We” is because the Quran was revealed in Arabic, and in Arabic, it is as correct to use the plural when speaking of one person as it is to use the singular. But the plural is used for respect and glorification, and no one is more deserving of respect and glorification than Allah. So the singular is used to affirm the fact that He is One and has no partner or associate, and the plural is used to affirm His glory and majesty. This is known in English as “The Royal We”.
Only Allah Knows Best
Written by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham